Contents
  1. General Knowledge Books
  2. Current Affairs – June, 2015
  3. Current Affairs Questions & Answers PDF in Hindi.
  4. Current Affairs Questions & Answers PDF in Hindi

Latest Current Affairs June, with Current Affairs, news summary PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link. Latest Current Affairs January, with Current Affairs, news PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link. Latest Current Affairs July, with Current Affairs, news summary on PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link.

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Gktoday Pdf 2015

Latest Current Affairs March, with Current Affairs, news summary PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link. Latest Current Affairs August, with Current Affairs, news summary PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link. Latest Current Affairs April, with Current Affairs, news summary PDF Compilation of these updates can be downloaded from This Link.

This strain is often called swine flu by the public media. With reference to bio-toilets used by the Indian Railways, consider the following statements: 1. The decomposition of human waste in the bio-toilets is initiated by a fungal inoculum. Ammonia and water vapour are the only end products in this decomposition which are released into the atmosphere. The water trap system in the toilet prevents air from getting into the tank, the human waste is processed by anaerobic bacteria in seven chambers in the tank and the methane gas is allowed to escape into the air. The problem of international liquidity is related to the non-availability of a goods and services c dollars and other hard currencies d exportable surplus Solution: c The concept of international liquidity is associated with international payments. These payments arise out of international trade in goods and services and also in connection with capital movements between one country and another. International liquidity refers to the generally accepted official means of settling imbalances in international payments which is basically dollars and hard currencies. If pure hydrogen is used as a fuel, the fuel cell emits heat and water as by-products.

The Atomic Energy Act, empowers the Union government to produce, develop, control, and use atomic energy. Reverse bidding process Both new interim franchises were picked through the reverse bidding process for which the base price was set at 40 crore rupees.

The bidders were to quote an amount less than that and the lowest bidders were given the franchises. Now, players from CSK and RR franchises will be divided between two teams of capped and uncapped draft system. The two new teams will have a minimum of 40 crore rupees and a maximum. Lodha committee had suspended CSK and RR after it was found the involvement some of their officials and co-owners in the IPL spot- fixing scandal. The committee has suspended both teams for 2 years term and have been allowed back in the league after serving out their suspension term.

Key features of Bill Adds provision to specify the territorial jurisdiction of the courts in cases related to bouncing of cheques which was not present in the parent Act.

It says that cases in this regard need to be filed only in a court in whose jurisdiction the bank branch of the payee lies. It also adds provision related to more than one case is filed against the same person before different courts for bouncing of cheques. In this matter, the case will be transferred to the court that has appropriate jurisdiction.

The bill also amends the definition of cheque. Redefines cheque in the electronic form which is signed in a secure system with a digital signature or using electronic system and drawn in electronic medium using any computer resource.

He is an entrepreneur, investor and philanthropist. Later the company employed more than 2, employees and its sales was US million dollars before it was sold in Later in , he spent rest of his life in philanthropy, both in India and the US. He has written two well-regarded books on the American condition.

They are Working the Pivot Points: To Make America Work Again Renewing the American Dream: Martin Luther King Jr Award It is bestowed on NRI for making significant contribution to the field of science, technology, medicine, culture, education, public service and commerce in foreign countries. The award carries shawl, citation certificate and memento. Other categories winners Male Player of the Year award: Chen Long China. Most Promising Player of the Year: Zheng Si Wei China. Male Para-Badminton Player of the Year award: Lee Sam Seop South Korea.

Female Para-Badminton Player of the Year award: Helle Sofie Sagoy Norway. Carolina Marn is currently ranked No. She has won in World Championships in women s single category two times in and respectively. She also has won five World Superseries titles. Iran tests Ghadr ballistic missile, breaches UNSC resolution December 9, Iran has successfully carried out test of medium range Ghadr ballistic missile near the Chabahar, a port city in southeast of country along the Gulf of Oman.

The test was held in November , but was disclosed by the western intelligence agencies in December Key facts Ghadr ballistic missile is an improved and advance version of Shahab 3 missile which is similar to the precision guided missile that was tested by Iran in October It has a range of 1, km and is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead as well as conventional warheads. But the deal had refrained Iran from working on ballistic missiles designed to deliver nuclear weapons for up to eight years.

It is group of six world powers which had joined together in to reach diplomatic efforts with Iran with regard to its nuclear program.

General Knowledge Books

Scientists genetically modify Anopheles gambiae mosquito species to fight malaria December 9, Scientists have genetically modified malaria-causing mosquito Anopheles gambiae species to fight the deadly disease of malaria. The research was successfully carried by team of researchers led by London based Imperial College and was published in the journal Nature Biotechnology. Key facts Scientists have genetically modified Anopheles gambiae mosquito species so that they carry a modified gene disrupting egg production in female mosquitoes.

For this they had used a technology called gene drive which uses the technique of recessive genes, so that many mosquitoes will inherit only one copy of the gene.

Usually two copies in female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes are needed for fertility. But the one copy of the gene makes female infertile by disrupting egg production. The trait of modified gene can be passed through a population of mosquitoes over time and can help to drastically reduce or eliminate the malaria-carrying mosquito species. The findings represent an important scientific step in the ability to develop novel methods of vector control.

It should be noted that mosquito species Anopheles gambiae are the major carrier of dangerous malaria parasites in sub-Saharan Africa region where 90 per cent of annual malaria deaths occur. Every year, malaria infects more than million people and causes more than , deaths across the globe. Key facts Theme of the meeting: Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process: Focus of the two day conference: To increase cooperation for countering security threats and promotion of connectivity in the region.

It is jointly hosted by Pakistan and Afghanistan and would be attended by the high-ranking delegations from 14 participating states, 17 supporting countries and 12 international and regional organisations.

Six key areas: The 14 participating states are pursuing confidence-building measures in 6 key areas including counter-terrorism, counter-narcotics, disaster management, education,. Seeks to provide a platform to deal common regional issues particularly encouraging security along with political and economic cooperation among Afghanistan and its neighbours facing problems of terrorism, extremism and poverty.

The Bill seeks to amend the Indian Trusts Act, to remove the archaic provisions from the year old legislation which have no relevance. Key facts The bill seeks to empower the Union Government to notify a class of securities for the purposes of investment of trust-money by the trustees. It also seeks to do away with the requirement of case to case approval by the Government for investment in any security.

The bill also provides greater flexibility and autonomy for the trustees to take decisions on investment of trust money based on their assessment of the risk return. Indian Trusts Act, regulates the functioning of private trusts and trustees in India. It also outlines the procedure for investment of surplus funds of the trust for future use. With this, Merkel became only the 4th woman since to be named winner and the first women to feature in 29 years. She is trained as a physicist and had entered politics after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

In national elections, Merkel became Germany s first female chancellor, and one of the leading figures of the European Union. Prior to entering into politics, she was working as research scientist. She was elected as first women Chancellor of Germany in and since then is in office.

Current Affairs – June, 2015

Time Magazine s Person of the Year title It is an annual honour that has been bestowed by the magazine. It was started in Every year it is announced in the month of December. It is given to person who is most influenced in the news during the year and is chosen for better or worse cases in the news. The Bill seeks to protect the interest of consumers, promote fair play in real estate transactions and ensure timely execution of projects.

It aims at restoring confidence of the real estate sector in the consumers by institutionalizing accountability and transparency in real estate and housing transactions. It further seeks enable the real estate sector to access financial and capital markets. Salient features of the Bill The provisions of the bill would be applicable both for residential and commercial real estate projects.

Mandatory registrations of real estate projects and real estate agents with the RERA. Mandatory to disclose all registered projects along with details of the project, promoter, land status, layout plan, agreements, approvals as well as details of real estate agents, architect, contractors, structural engineer etc.

For timely completion of the project, specified amount will be deposited in a separate bank account to cover the construction cost. Establishment of Appellate Tribunal for fast track dispute resolution mechanisms for settlement of disputes through adjudicating officers. Empowers only consumer court to hear real estate matters and prohibits civil courts from taking up matters defined in Bill. Without consent of consumers, promoters are barred from changing plans and design.

Comment The Bill would provide uniform regulatory environment for orderly growth of the real estate sector and to ensure speedy adjudication of disputes. It will boost foreign and domestic investments in the Real Estate sector and play important role in achieving objective of providing Housing for All of Union Government by enhanced private participation. It will also promote orderly growth of Real Estate sector in the country through consequent efficient execution of project, professionalism and standardization.

Under the MoU the areas of cooperation are The main focus will be on the electricity market structure and the integration of renewable energy into the grid. Market reforms, regulatory structures and market competition in the distribution and supply of electricity. It includes incentives and regulations for Renewable Energy deployment. Promotion of energy efficiency practice and policies including vehicular fuel efficiency and industrial energy efficiency.

The integration of renewable energy into the grid. It includes off-shore wind energy and solar energy and Tidal energy. Promotion of smart grids, energy storage and new energy technologies along with off-grid renewable energy services. It also includes capacity building of renewable energy institutions. The MoU will provide a framework for technical assistance in the energy sector along with in-kind grant and other support through relevant projects initiated by UK.

The programme under MoU would help to improve energy security and reliability of supply at both centre and state levels.

It would also improve energy access and facilitate sustainable economic growth. It was signed in Jakarta during the visit of Vice President M. The MoU seeks to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional framework to promote and encourage technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable energy issues. The buffer stock will be created by the procurement and would be valid for fiscal year As per decision The buffer stock will consist about tonnes of pulses from the kharif crop and one lakh tonnes from the rabi crop of Comment Though being the highest producer of pulses in the world, India faces shortage as its domestic demand outstrips domestic production.

It leads to fluctuation in prices and food inflation. As a short term measure the shortfall of pulses is usually met from imports. However, there is need for a long-term solution to meet its demand and increase pulses production in the country.

Around 50 per cent of allocation of NFSM is made for pulses. Under it, financial assistance is given for distribution of quality seeds of new varieties, integrated pest management, water saving devices, demonstration of improved technology and capacity building of farmers. December 10, India ranks 4th in black money outflows: GFI Report December 10, India has been placed at fourth position in black money outflows among the developing and emerging economies.

Key facts Record 1. Top 10 countries: China tops the list with billion dollars average outflow of black money per annum. It was around China was followed by Russia billion dollars per annum and Mexico The illegal capital black money outflows are mainly attributed to tax evasion, crime, corruption and other illicit activity.

In case of India, 51 billion dollars black money outflowed per annum between the decade long period from to Both of the treaties were adopted in It was established after UNGA declared Resolution V by inviting all member states and any other interested organizations to celebrate the day to the mark the first global enunciation of human rights and one of the first major achievements of the UN. Under this contract IISc will develop solar powered micro-grid with battery and super capacitor energy storage system.

It is considered as one of the rare instances as US military has awarded a federal contract to an Indian scientific institute known for its high-end cutting edge research. Mr Parrikar is on his maiden visit to the US to discuss ways to deepen the long term strategic partnership between both nations. It was established in with active support from industrialist and philanthropist Jamsetji Tata.

IISc is widely regarded as India s finest institution in its field. It is the first Indian institute to feature on Times Higher Education World University Rankings for engineering and technology at 99th position in the year The amendments seek to add additional inland waterways as the national waterways based on the recommendations Parliamentary Standing Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture and comments of State Governments.

Key facts The National Waterways Bill, repeals the five Acts that declare the existing national waterways. These existing five national waterways are now covered under the Bill. The enactment of this Act Central legislation will pave way for the inclusion of additional inlands waterways. Thus the total number of national waterways NW numbers will go up to from existing five national waterways. The changes made in former bill include omission of 10 waterways from Kerala.

While 17 waterways have been merged with the existing waterways. Union Government is empowered to make laws on shipping and navigation on inland waterways which are classified as national waterways by Parliament by law as per Entry 24 of the Union List of the 7th Schedule of the Constitution.

Inland Waterways Waterways are the cheapest and environment friendly modes of Transportation. They are most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods. Existing five national waterways are i NW 1: Talcher Dhamra km stretch on Mahanadi River. Jammu and Kashmir.

Sir Creek Boundary Dispute. Economic and Commercial cooperation. Counter-terrorism, Narcotics control. People-to-people exchanges. Humanitarian issues.

Religious tourism. Humanitarian issues and Religious Tourism in the agenda to make the peace process between both countries long lasting. Joint statement issued also includes National Security Advisors NSAs of both countries to take forward talks on terrorism.

Secretary-level talks within stipulated time table. Central Government s announcement came after Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa had made a plea to Prime Minister Narendra Modi seeking that the floods be declared as National Disaster. Background The South Indian floods was a severe natural calamity caused by heavy rainfall on 15 16 November during the annual northeast monsoon seson.

The worst affected areas were are located on the Coromandel Coast region of the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and the union territory of Puducherry.

Chennai, capital city of Tamil Nadu was particularly hard-hit. The floods had killed nearly people and displaced over 1. The flooding was attributed to the strong El Nio phenomenon during the El Nio year of Israel successfully tests Arrow ballistic missile interceptor December 10, Israel has successfully tested Arrow ballistic missile Weapon System as part of its defence upgradation measures in the face of regional threats. Key facts Arrow 3 is the top-tier system in Israel s missile shield arsenal.

It is more powerful compared to country s lowest-tier defence is the short-range Iron Dome interceptor. It provides exo-atmospheric interception of ballistic missiles i. It can hit targets in space that are meant to simulate a nuclear or chemical weapon that could be launched from Iran, Syria or Hezbollah. The Arrow ballistic missile project was first launched in by US as part of the then Star Wars programme and was abandoned in With this he became Argentina s first non-Peronist President in 14 years and the third leader elected from outside the Peronist movement founded by Juan Peron since the end of the country s dictatorship.

Background Earlier in Presidential election held in November Mr Macri had won the election by securing more than 53 per cent votes. He had defeated his rival Daniel Scioli of ruling Peronist Party who secured 47 per cent votes. His victory had ended the 12 years of leftist rule in Argentina.

He is son of Francisco Macri who is one of Argentina s richest men. Prior to entering politics, Mr Macri had a long career in business and holds civil engineer degree. In , he was elected as president of Boca Juniors Football Club, one of the most popular football clubs in Argentina. He used his success at the club as a springboard for his political career and later was re-elected as President of Club in and Prior to getting elected as President, he was representing City of Buenos Aires in the lower house of the Argentine congress since Earlier in October , Norwegian Nobel Committee has selected NDQ for the prestigious award for its decisive contribution in building pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution It is birth place of Arab Spring.

It is also credited with creating a dialogue between the country s Islamist and secular coalition parties. NDQ consists following 4 organisations in Tunisian civil society. They are Tunisian General Labour Union.

Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts. Tunisian Human Rights League. Tunisian Order of Lawyers. NDQ was established in as an alternative, peaceful political process at a time when Tunisia was on the brink of civil war aftermath of revolution. It was formed at a time when the revolution that overthrew President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali in appeared to be unravelling.

India and South Korea ink MoU on taxation treaty December 11, India and South Korea have inked a new memorandum of understanding MoU on suspension of collection of taxes during pendency of mutual agreement procedure. This MoU will relieve the burden of double taxation for taxpayers in both the countries during the pendency of Mutual Agreement Procedure MAP proceedings.

What is Mutual Agreement Procedure? MAP is an alternate dispute resolution mechanism that allows competent authorities of particular nation and its treaty partner to negotiate a mutually acceptable settlement.

Under it, two signatory sides can negotiate settlement on a case that can subsequently be taken off from the formal legal process. As a resolution process, MAP draws up parameters for taxation in one country for which credit would be available in another.

Main advantages: MAP is a preferred way used to settle cross-border tax cases globally. Eliminates of double taxation arising out of transfer pricing tax disputes, characterisation of income and attribution of profits and existence of Permanent Establishment.

Mexico Government approves world s 1st Dengue fever vaccine named Dengvaxia December 11, Mexico Government has approved world s first-ever Dengue fever vaccine branded as Dengvaxia for the public use. It has been designed to protect people in the age groups from all four subtypes of the virus. The vaccine was produced as the result of an extensive clinical development programme of the French company than ran for almost two decades.

Sanofi Pasteur has requested authorisation to roll out the vaccine in 20 countries. Comment Dengvaxia is considered as a historic milestone for the global public health community and, most importantly for half the world s population that lives at risk of dengue. Prior to introduction of this vaccine, there was no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. About Dengue Fever Dengue fever is a vector-borne disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitos species.

It is prevalent throughout the tropics and subtropics. Thus, it is also known as mosquito- borne tropical disease Symptoms: Severe joint and muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, headache, fever, exhaustion and rash. Dengue triad i. It requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. There is no known cure and children are at particular risk.

The World Health Organisation WHO has mentioned that dengue has become the fastest-growing mosquito-borne disease as it infects as many as million people and kills 22, people every year. In his autobiography, Mr Pawar has penned down his detailed experiences of political and social issues spanning 5 decades of his political career. He is the only leader from Maharashtra who became Chief Minister 3 times from to , to and to He also had held ministerial portfolios in several Congress led Government s at the centre including Defence to and Agriculture to Minister.

The missile was test fired in the Arabian Sea and validated all the desired parameters including various design and technical parameters of the weapon system. It is capable of carrying nuclear as well as conventional warheads up to 2, kilometres.

It is multi-stage solid-propellant missile that can hit targets anywhere in India including Northeast India and Tri-service command of India located in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It was started in year India, Japan sign protocol to amend double taxation avoidance pact December 11, India and Japan have signed a Protocol for amending the existing convention for avoidance of double taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to income taxes.

Current Affairs Questions & Answers PDF in Hindi.

The existing Convention for avoidance of double taxation and tax evasion was signed between both countries way back in Hiramatsu, Ambassador of Japan signed on behalf of the Government of Japan. Key highlights Protocol provides for internationally accepted standards for effective exchange of information on tax matters. It includes sharing of bank information and information without domestic tax interest. Facilitates sharing of the information received from Japan of Indian resident with other law enforcement agencies with authorisation of the competent authority and vice versa.

Under it both countries shall assist each other in the collection of revenue claims. It further provides for exemption of interest income from taxation in the source country. This exemption will be with respect to debt-claims insured by the Government or Government owned financial institutions. December 12, Union Government slaps anti-dumping duty on stainless steel December 12, Union Government has imposed anti-dumping duty on import of cold-rolled flat products of stainless steel for 5 years from 7 countries.

It was hampering the performance of domestic industry and with steel prices on a decline. The highest duty has been imposed on steel imports from China at Imports from Thailand will have the least duty imposed at 4.

Current Affairs Questions & Answers PDF in Hindi

Earlier in September Government had imposed 20 per cent provisional safeguard duty on a specific hot-rolled imported steel product. Anti-dumping duty: It varies from product to product and from country to country. He holds honorary doctorates and fellowships at six European and six American universities.

The prize is named after renowned American writer Norman Mailer who is considered among the most influential writers of the second half of the 20th century. It is awarded to writer whose work over the years has challenged readers perspectives on the world around them.

Apart from the Central Government, these institutions will be operated on a Public-Private- Partnership PPP mode with participation of state government and industry.

It should be noted that Indian Institutes of Information Technology IIITs are a group of institutes of higher education mainly focused on information technology. It aims to strengthen cooperation with and among cities that have recognised creativity as a strategic factor of sustainable development in regards with the economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects.

Renowned agro-economist Sharad Joshi passes away December 12, Renowned agro-economist and veteran leader of farmers Sharad Anantrao Joshi passed away in Pune, Maharashtra. Joshi had spearheaded numerous agitations, protests, fasts throughout the state to highlight the issue of reasonable prices for agricultural produce.

He was Rajya Sabha member from to NGT bans registration of new diesel-run vehicles in Delhi December 12, National Green Tribunal NGT has ordered ban on registration of new diesel-run vehicles in Delhi to curb the growing menace of air pollution in the capital city. This ruling was given by NGT bench headed by Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar and also questioned Delhi government s odd-even formula for vehicles to check pollution in the city.

Key facts The ban on registration of new diesel vehicles will be valid till 6th January as interim steps i. NGT also ordered the central and state government to stop downloading diesel cars in Delhi. On Delhi government s odd-even formula for vehicles, the tribunal mentioned that might encourage people to download two cars.

Background Presently around 23 per cent of the cars registered in Delhi are running on diesel. The cars running are likely to emit 7. Earlier in April , NGT had banned diesel vehicles over 10 years old in the national capital which has been labelled as one of world s most polluted city.

In November , Delhi government had decided that private vehicles with odd and even registration numbers will ply on odd and even dates from 1st January for two week. About National Green Tribunal NGT is a special fast-track court to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues. It has been established under the National Green Tribunal Act, to assure the right to a healthy environment of the citizens of India enshrined in Article 21 of Constitution.

With this launch Myanmar opens a new chapter in its commitment to bio-diversity and eco-system conservation. It is the second largest lake in Myanmar with an estimated surface area of km2. The wetland ecosystem of this freshwater Inle Lake is home to diverse flora and fauna. It is home to species of birds, out of which 82 are wetland birds. The Inle Lake is nesting place for globally endangered Sarus crane. It also has 43 species of freshwater fishes of which 9 species of fish are found nowhere else in the world.

Apart from its ecological importance, Inle Lake is also has unique for the way the local inhabitants have adapted their life style to their environment. Presently, the lake gets funding from the government of Norway for conservation purpose under the framework of the Inle Lake Conservation and Rehabilitation project.

This agreement confirms developing of high speed rail corridor using of Japanese high speed rail technologies along with financial and technical assistance from Japan. It is a km line connecting the cities of Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The total project cost is 97, crores rupees and will be implemented in 7 years. It will reduce travelling time between the two cities from eight hours to around three.

Japan will extend highly concessional loan of 12 billion dollars and technical assistance on easy terms for this project through its Shinkansen Technology. The loan will provided with the interest rate at 0. The cooperation on this project will also be fixed on transfer of technology and Make in India initiative. Japan will also assist India in training of personnel for High Speed Rail.

Under it both sides have confirmed cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The final deal will be signed after certain technical and legal issues are thrashed out.

India and Japan ink 14 agreements in various fields December 12, India and Japan have inked fourteen agreements in various fields to enhance bilateral co-operation between both countries. These agreements were signed during ninth annual Indo-Japan summit talks held in New Delhi.

Some important agreements signed are Agreement in transfer of Defence Equipment and Technology Cooperation: Provides a framework to enhance defence and security cooperation. Agreement on security measures for the protection of classified military information: Ensures the reciprocal protection of classified military information transmitted to each other.

Amends the Convention between both countries for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to Taxes on Income, signed in Establishes areas for comprehensive technological cooperation including sharing of information and best practices. MoU on technological cooperation on Rail safety: Seeks to facilitate a constructive dialogue in areas pertinent to raw materials for pharmaceutical use, biological products, medical devices, quasi-drugs, cosmetic products.

MoC in the field of forests: Enhance cooperation in sustainable forest management, forest conservation and forest disaster prevention, conservation of biodiversity and effective utilization of forest resources etc. Apart from this, both countries also issued a joint statement on India and Japan Vision India also extended visa an arrival VoA facility for Japanese nationals, including businessmen from 1st March The UDP enables flexible adaptation of data streams from a wide range of end devices to IoT platforms and data stores.

The award is intended to promote innovation, entrepreneurship in the field of TIME and to provide recognition for outstanding contributions in this field in India. Takes into account the principle of equity climate justice and common but differentiated responsibilities CBDR and respective capabilities. Mandatory for all Countries to keep global temperature rising below 2C by above pre- industrial levels with an ideal target of keeping temperature rise below 1.

Developed countries to provide billion dollars annually to the developing counterparts beginning in and it would increase with time.

Empowers countries to determine how to cut their emissions but mandates that they report GKToday All Rights Reserved www. Countries will assess their progress every five years for meeting their climate commitments and submit new plans to strengthen.

India-Saudi Arabia Relations From trading point of view, oil rich Saudi Arabia is a crucial and important country for energy starved India from energy security especially petroleum perspective. Saudi Arabia is India s largest supplier of crude oil and accounts for 80 per cent of India s crude oil import that forms a major component of bilateral trade with the Gulf nation. Traditional Celebrations of festival Following the old tradition, people from Ladakh visit graveyards of ancestor family members and pray for peace for the departed soul.

Special food items during the festival are prepared to mark the occasion including guthuk, the soup with nine ingredients, khura are being served. People visit each other for exchange of Losar greetings. On third day of the festival is people wait for the night to see the first moon of the New Year In India, Losar is also celebrated by Yolmo, Sherpa, Tamang, Gurung, and Bhutia communities residing in different regions in the country.

Legendary actor Dilip Kumar conferred with Padma Vibhushan December 14, Legendary actor Dilip Kumar 93 has been conferred with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan, country s second highest civilian award.

He spent his childhood in Maharashtra and left home to start a canteen before he was picked up as a potential actor. His debut film was Jwar Bhata produced by Bombay Talkies. He started a second inning in film industry after a break of 5 years in he acted in Kranti and his last appearance was in Qila of He is famously known as Tragedy King and Oscar winning filmmaker Satyajit Ray had described him as the ultimate method actor.

He was nominated as Member of Rajya Sabha in and remained parliamentarian till Guinness World Record for winning the maximum number of awards by an Indian actor. In Singapore, he had worked at local broadcasting station and produced books on famous people including martial art icon Bruce Lee and legendary boxer Muhammad Ali.

He has been writing for over 5 decades and has written 57 books, 80 plays and more than short stories. He has won several literary awards to his credit including Singapore s prestigious Cultural Medallion.

It is being presented annually to poets and writers in Southeast Asia region. The award is given for a specific work by an author or awarded for lifetime achievement.

Countries involved: The pipe line connects central Asia with south Asia covering 1, km. The pipeline begins from Turkmenistan s Galkynysh field formally known as South Yoiotan Osman that has gas reserves are 16 trillion cubic feet. Project Cost: It has capacity to carry 90 million standard cubic metres a day mmscmd. Supply Share: Both India and Pakistan will get supply of about 38 mmscmd whereas Afghanistan will get 14 mmscmd supply of natural gas.

The Bill allows cancellation of OCI registration for violation of any law. This is a wide ground that may cover a range of violations, including minor offences eg. A person may become an Indian citizen if they are born in India or have Indian parentage or have resided in the country over a period of time, etc. However, illegal migrants are prohibited from acquiring Indian citizenship.

An illegal migrant is a foreigner who: i enters the country without valid travel documents, like a passport and visa, or ii enters with valid documents, but stays beyond the permitted time period. The and the Acts empower the central government to regulate the entry, exit and residence of foreigners within India.

In and , the central government issued two notifications exempting certain groups of illegal migrants from provisions of the and the Acts. It seeks to make illegal migrants belonging to the same six religions and three countries eligible for citizenship. This will entitle them to benefits such as the right to travel to India, and to work and study in the country.

The Bill amends the Act to allow cancellation of OCI registration if the person has violated any law. Key Features Definition of illegal migrants The Citizenship Act, prohibits illegal migrants from acquiring Indian citizenship.

The Bill amends the Act to provide that the following minority groups will not be treated as illegal migrants: Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

If pure hydrogen is used as a fuel, the fuel cell emits heat and water as by-products. Fuel cells can be used for powering buildings and not for small devices like laptop computers. Fuel cells produce electricity in the form of Alternating Current AC.

One great appeal of fuel cells is that they generate electricity with very little pollution—much of the hydrogen and oxygen used in generating electricity ultimately combines to form a harmless byproduct, namely water alongwith releasing heat.

A single fuel cell generates a tiny amount of direct current DC electricity. In practice, many fuel cells are usually assembled into a stack. If alternating current AC is needed, the DC output of the fuel cell must be routed through a conversion device called an inverter. Kalamkari painting refers to a a hand-painted cotton textile in South India b a handmade drawing on bamboo handicrafts in North-East India e a block-painted woollen cloth in Western Himalayan region of India d a hand-painted decorative silk cloth in North-Western India Solution: a Kalamkari painting is a type of Indian folk textile art that involves free hand drawing and painting or printing on cloth, mostly cotton.

Kalahasti and Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh, the nerve centres of this art continue to be beehives of Kalamkari activity. There has been a persistent deficit budget year after year.

Which of the following actions can be taken by the government to reduce the deficit?

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